The Internet of Things paradigm fits particularly well to environmental monitoring. It involves online monitoring of water levels, air pollutant concentrations both indoors and outdoors, precipitations and any other environmental parameter affecting people’s safety and well being.

The main IIoT applications for the environment include:

  • Air and Water Pollution Monitoring: IoT reduces the need for human labor, allowing frequent sampling and testing on-site and increasing the range of sampling and monitorin to prevent contaminations and disasters.

  • Weather Monitoring: departing from powerful but costly technologies such as radars and satellites, IIoT allows the usage of local sensors for better accuracy and flexibility. Weather data can be used for early detection of extreme conditions or to document specific events for insurance applications.

  • Precision Agriculture: IIoT technology helps optimising water and nutrients delivery; increasing the yield of any crop and reducing the man power that is required for the job.

  • Forest Fire Detection: helps in the monitoring of combustion gasas and preemptive fire conditions to define alert zones.

  • Snow Level Monitoring: helps in identifying the real time conditions of ski tracks, allowing security corporations for avalanche prevention.

  • Landslide and Avalanche Avoidance: helps in the monitoring of soil moisture and earth density as well as vibrations, in order to identify dangerous patterns in land conditions.